Solar Power in West Virginia: All you need to Know! (2022)

  • West Virginia Article Highlights:

  • West Virginia Case Study
  • Solar Incentives
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  • Installation Process
  • Conclusion
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Solar Power in West Virginia: All you need to Know! (1)

West Virginia. The greenest of states and the blackest of states. A land of rolling forests as far as they eye can see, and of deep diving coal seams where it can’t.

But there’s a new color starting to shine down on the Mountain State.Yellow. The golden promise of solar power.

Not that everyone in the state is a big fan of rolling out solar PV across the ridges and hollers of West Virginia. Especially not the state government.

[blue]But whatever your thoughts on green energy versus fossil fuels, or sun vs coal, solar PV does deliver on 3 things that all West Virginians cherish.

Independence. Security. And savings.

1. If you install a solar system on your roof, you take a big stride towards becoming independent of the local utility company.

You can produce some or even all of your own energy.So you become your own power plant!

2. Add a battery-pack to your roof-top solar panels, and you take a giant step towards being completely secure from energy shocks. No more black-outs, brown-outs and days without power from a freak snowstorm.

3. With your solar energy stored, you’re ready for any emergency.

And with or without energy storage, one thing you’re guaranteed from a solar PV installation is savings. [/blue]

West Virginia may not be the sunniest of states, and our utility rates may be among the cheapest in the nation. But PV costs have fallen hugely, and the technology is getting better all the time.

That means you can save thousands of dollars from switching to solar in the Mountain State.

Plenty of West Virginians have already made the switch, and banked those savings. They’ve done sowith hardly any help from the state government.

If they can, you can too—and going solar doesn’t even have to cost you a cent up-front.

If you’re for energy independence, security and savings, we can put you in touch with the local West Virginian experts.Fill out a few contact details on our short solar form, we’ll pass the details to West Virginia solar installers

But what about the sun part of the solar power equation? Is there really enough of it to make your roof-top system such a money-printing machine?

Yes, there is.

In fact, it turns out that West Virginia gets a lot more sunshine than others who’ve made a big success of solar PV—like the solar-crazy sunshine-poor Germans.

At 1,700 kWh per square meter of roof, that’s more than they get across the border in Pennsylvania.

And they’ve already got almost 100 times more solar PV on their roofs than we do.

But let’s put the inter-state rivalry to one side, and dig into those numbers some more. Then you can see all of the benefits of harnessing the sun in our own little corner of the Appalachians.

West Virginia Solar Power: Check your Savings, Costs, Tax Breaks, Incentives and Rebates

We reckon the best way to see how those numbers pan out is to give you an example of how solar works in the real world. Let’s say Charleston.

Now let’s assume that you’re buying a mid-sized system—5 kW solar panels on your south-facing roof should do it. And that they’ll be pumping out power for you for 25 years.

Solar PV panels actually seem likely to last a lot longer than that. But who wants to think about further in the future than 2040.

Based on all those numbers, we reckon you’d be saving tens of thousands of dollars by making the switch.

How do we work that out? Let us show you.

(Video) West Virginia Solar Incentives You Should Know About | Reasons to get Solar in 2022

Buying a 5KW Solar System—a West Virginia case study

Costs for installing solar PV panels have come down hugely over the decade. Where once you might have been looking at $25,000 for a 5kW solar system, today it’s closer to $15,000.

[blue]What benefits will you see for all those dollars, though?

1. Well, how about 17kWh of free electricity per day to begin with?

2. Over 12 months you’ll be looking at 6,200 kWh of power generated by your roof.

3. Given an average W Virginian uses 11,000 kWh in a year, your bill is being cut by more than half.[/blue]

Great for your bank balance, great for your sense of independence.

Double that to a 10kW system, throw in some batteries, and you can cut off your link to the grid entirely.

But what about that $15,000 outlay?

[blue]Well, that can be cut down a little—even here in West Virginia, where solar gets so little love.

1. Start with your $15,000 sticker price, before tax.

2. Now add the 6% sale tax, and the price goes to $15,900.

3. But, if you’re a taxpayer, then a 30% Income Tax Credit (ITC)is yours to claim.

4. That brings the first year cost down to $11k.

5. But don’t forget your bill savings. In the first year they amount to $550.

6. So you’ll only have paid out a net $10,500 in those first 12 months.[/blue]

[blue]And remember that those savings keep coming, year after year:

1. In 25 years you’d save $13,900, if your utility bill never rose once.

2. But we know utility rates do rise. By 3% a year on average nationally.

3. That lifts your savings to a tad under $19k

4. Is that it? Not really. Because WVA rates have actually gone up nearly 6% a year.

5. Now your savings pile really swells—to around $23,000!

6. And don’t forget home will see its value rocket too.[/blue]

So $23,000 saved from $10,000 invested. Whatever you think about going green, that’s quite a pile of green you’ll have earned.

And one more thing. If tree-hugging is your thing (and why not), you’ll have saved emissions that are about the same as planting over 140 trees a year.

Talk about ‘greening’ the Mountain State!

If you’re ready to rake in the greenback, we can help you get the ball rolling, fill out your contact details on our solar questionnaire then we’ll put you in touch with trusted WVA solar firms.

West Virginia Solar Power Incentives, Tax Breaks and Rebates

Solar Power in West Virginia: All you need to Know! (2)So far, so good. But now we need to look at what the state government has brought along to the solar party. Sadly, as we’ve already noted, those guys are looking pretty empty-handed.

But why exactly does solar PV need help from anyone? Shouldn’t it be standing on its own two feet by now?

In many ways, yes. The economics are good, and getting better all the time.

But it’s worth looking outside of West Virginia to see how other states have handled this exciting new energy source.

Most seem to have worked out early-on that solar is an all-round “good thing” for all concerned.

As well as helping out with the pollution issue of traditional energy,it brings in jobs. Not any old jobs either—both hi-tech systems designers and low-tech roof-monkeys are needed.

(Video) West Virginia Solar 101

Rooftop solar also makes people less dependent on utilities, and reduces energy costs for us all. And of course, it makes solar homeowners a little bit richer into the bargain, too.

So,that’s a good news story that most U.S. states have been keen to encourage. Because without their incentives, tax breaks and rebates, the new kid on the block tends to get pushed around by the big guys at the back—the power utilities.

For now, that state legislature in West Virginia has decided that it’s on the side of the old way of doing power.

It pretty much has zero encouragement for the little guys wanting to break down those monopolies and become self-reliant in energy.

But let’s run through the things West Virginia could be doing to help. Even though these measure aren’t on the books as yet, remember that solar still works well for you in the Mountain State.

It would just do work better with a little encouragement.

West Virginia RPS

The state did once have an RPS. But as of 2015 it no longer does. But why worry about those three little letters, R, P, and S?

Well, an RPS is really just a target for renewables, set by the state, that the utilities must meet. If they don’t, they get penalized.

They’re common across the States these days.Where such targets are backed firmly they have transformed the local energy scene. And West Virginia did join the forward-looking RPS pack in 2009, with a 25% target.

But sadly some in West Virginia weren’t keen on things moving forward so fast. After all, change can be scary.

So the RPS was repealed in 2015, along with much of the rest of the state’s solar-friendly legislation.

What is an RPS really?

You’ll often hear those letters ‘RPS’ thrown about when talking about solar energy. They stand for ‘Renewable Portfolio Standard’? But what exactly is one of those?

Basically, it’s a state law setting binding targets for clean energy. They have been really useful in getting the utilities to take renewable energy generation seriously.

When a state sets an RPS target, it’s saying that utilities must generate a certain amount of their electricity from renewable sources, usually by a certain date. If not, they’ll be fined.

After all, power companies need a push. Most still make money selling us more and more energy. They’re not best pleased that we’re starting to generate our own power.

The threat of fines makes the utilities extra keen to offer their customers incentives, rebates, and grants for their solar systems. Everyone wins.

They avoid the fine, and you get the low-cost solar power. Without an RPS, utilities are less likely to help with solar power for their customers.

West Virginia Tax Credits

State income tax credit (ITC) would be another great way for encouraging West Virginians to embrace sun power. And the state did offer such a credit.

No longer. It was culled in the recent purge of anything that seemed to encourage alternative ways of doing energy.

But the tax credit story doesn’t end there. You can still claim your 30% federal ITC if you’re a taxpayer, and that makes a huge difference to the economics rooftop sun-power.

Are there any Rebates for Solar Power in West Virginia?

Sadly, another no here. Both the state and the utilities now steer clear of rebates that are relatively common in the more solar-friendly U.S. states.

West Virginia Tax Exemptions

It’s not unusual for states to tax–exempt things that are good for the health of its citizens. Like solar power panels, for example. But in West Virginia both state and local sales taxes will be applied to the installation costs of your solar system.

The other tax exemption that some states offer is from property tax. That’s because converting to solar power is a unique kind of home improvement—one that effectively prints the owner money. That adds a huge value to your home.

So it would be a real shame if you were taxed extra, just for installing a power system that does so much for the common good.

That hasn’t held back West Virginia though. The state government still applies tax to your homes new value, with no exemption.

West Virginia Electricity Rates

Electricity costs in West Virginia were among the lowest in the country for a long while. That’s changed recently, with huge rate hikes seen over the last decade.

But rates are still relatively low here.

In 2015 the state-wide average was just over 10 cents per kWh.The average U.S. family pays out over 12.5 c/kWh to power their homes. So West Virginians aren’t doing too bad compared to some.

But for how long? Rates have risen by almost 60% in the decade since 2004. That’s at twice the national rate. If you wait to go solar, you’ll just keep on getting hit by those yearly utility rate rises.

That’ll cost you dear. Which is why we think the time to make a move is now.

If you’re not keen on waiting to see how rates much climb over the next 10 years, we can help, just fill out our simple solar form.We can then send you details on the most trusted solar installer in WVA, they’ll ensure you get up and running with solar power.

Is there Net Metering in West Virginia?

Guess what? There’s actually a welcoming oasis in West Virginia’s drought of measures to help solar along. And yes, you’re right—it’s Net Metering.

(Video) 5 Mistakes to Avoid When Buying Solar Panels

Only just though. The bill that killed the RPS, as well as other incentives for clean energy, very nearly did for Net Metering too.

It was only after a broadside of lobbying from concerned solar homeowners that it was kept in place.

It was worth the effort to keep it in place, though. West Virginia’s Net Metering rules are well-framed and relatively generous.

First off, all utilities in the state have to offer Net Metering.

Second, you’ll get any monthly credits applied to your next monthly bill. And last, any unused credits can be rolled over forever. So you don’t need to waste a drop of that precious sunlight.

What's Net Metering anyways?

Oh yes, we should probably explain. Net metering is a vital part of making solar power work for homeowners.

Done properly, it means none of your solar energy is wasted—even when the power you generate, and the power you use, aren’t exactly balanced.

That’s important because the electricity your system produces varies as the sun moves round the sky. When the sun is highest in summer you may actually produce more electricity than you use.

Under net metering, that extra power gets sent to the grid. And you become the power station for the utility.

Rather than letting that spare power go to waste, Net Metering means your meter effectively spins backwards.And as it spins, it earns money for you.

Under a proper Net Metering scheme, the utility has to pay you for the energy you’re supplying to them.

Most often this is at the retail electricity rate, the rate you normally pay them. And it allows for rollovers of credits from one month to the next—or even year to year.

Are there 0 down payment financing Options in West Virginia?

Solar Power in West Virginia: All you need to Know! (3)Yes, but the complete range of pay-nothing-now options isn’t available in West Virginia. That’s because it’s still against the law to be a third-party supplier of energy.

What you can do instead is to take out a solar loan with no down-payment. But solar leases and power purchase agreements (PPAs)—where a third-party supplies your power—can’t happen here.

That’s a real shame. Elsewhere it’s been leases and PPAs that have driven forward rates of adoption of solar. You can power your home with the sun without needing cash in hand. And all of the hassles of ownership fall to that third-party.

Huge numbers of homeowners across the USA have switched onto solar as a result.

But in here in WV you’ll just have to rely on solar loans alone.That doesn’t have to be a problem, especially if you can tap the equity in your home to get lower rates.

Let’s run quickly through the different types of zero-down solar schemes,so you can understand what all the fuss is about in other states.

But first, why not check to see if your home qualifies for a zero-down solar loan?We can put you in touch with expert solar advisers right now, just fill out a few contact details on this form.

Solar Power Loan?

This zero-down option is a great way to be solar powered, without having to raid your cash savings. It also keeps you in-charge.

You’ll own your solar panels, and can choose whether to make a small initial payment, or no payment at all.

Solar loans aren’t just for the cash-poor. They can provide better rates of return than an outright purchase—especially if you can tap the low rates of a home-equity line of credit.

If you’re a taxpayer, you’ll also get the full benefit of the federal ITC.

You will, however, be on the line for any maintenance or cleaning your panels will need.

Solar Lease in West Virginia?

Leasing would work wonders for those who can’t tap the equity in their home for a loan. Or those who can’t access the upfront cash for a purchase. A lease would let you put $0 down, get those panels on your roof, and then watch the savings roll in.

The savings wouldn’t be as impressive as using your own money. But you could still be saving from day one of your lease, if the sun resource is good enough. Which in West Virginia’s case, it is.

But as we’ve said, the law in West Virginia doesn’t let you take his option yet. Hopefully it’s just a matter of time.

PPA Option on West Virginia?

Solar Power in West Virginia: All you need to Know! (4)This is the other approach for going solar with no (or little) upfront cost. PPAs are similar to leases, but rather than paying a fee to lease the panels from a third-party, you’re only paying for the power that they produce.

No hassles of ownership. No worries about performance. And no big down-payments.


Except that, again, West Virginia’s law stops you from using the services of a third-party energy supplier. It’s power the utility’s way, or no power at all.

What is PPA?

A Power Purchase Agreement, or PPA, is an agreement between you and your solar panel provider. You provide them with the roof for the panels. They provide you with power at a guaranteed price.

(Video) The Cost of Solar in West Virginia for an off grid solar setup vs grid direct and hybrid

Like a lease, you could benefit from solar power without worrying about details like planning, installation, equipment upgrades, maintenance, and cleaning.

Most PPAs also have an option for you to buy the system at the end of the contract, which can add real value to your home.

One thing to look out for is the PPA price escalator. This is where the PPA price rises gradually throughout your PPA contract, according to an agreed schedule.

These escalators are a reasonable way for the solar panel company to take gradual performance and maintenance issues into account over its lifetime.

But you don’t need to worry about them, of course.

PPAs are not happening here in the Mountain state any time soon.

Is there Feed In Tariff in West Virginia?

No surprises to hear there’s a “no’ to this one too.

Admittedly, Feed In Tariff pretty rare in the U.S. anyway. But West Virginia also misses on the closely related cousins: performance payment incentives. So no ther;’s extra cash to help maximize solar production in the state.

Loans vs Purchase: What's best for West Virginia Homeowners?

As with many things, the choice between a loan and a purchase depends on how you see risk and reward. And on how much skin you want in the solar game.

A loan works well for the risk adverse. For those who want to help clean up our energy, and cut pollution, but without taking on the hassles (and big initial outlay) of purchase.

Purchasing is good for those with the money to invest. For those who also want to make the most of the benefits and incentives out there for switching onto the sun.

At the moment, in West Virginia, rates of return are OK. So if you have the cash, purchasing will earn you modest savings. But it’s no super star investment.

A solar loan will let you earn savings with little (or nothing) down, which effectively boosts the rate of return.

But remember that, because of the loan payments, your overall savings will be somewhat less.

What is the Solar Panel Installation Process in West Virginia?

The solar installation process starts with home visit by an energy assessment team. They’ll talk to you about your bills, how best to site your system, the best solar panels systems and the financial options available.

Once they’ve got the measure of your place, and found out exactly what your needs are, they’ll be provide you with a fully detailed PV quote.

This will highlight potential tax rebates, breaks, and incentives that may be available to you.

They’ll also give you detailed breakdown of the savings you can expect to make.

Once you’ve agreed and signed your agreement, the solar installation team can schedule a date for transforming your house from energy sink into a solar-powered energy producer!

The installation process usually only takes three to four days.

[yel]All it takes is a few simple steps:

1. Fill in our simple solar form

2. Receive quotes from the best local solar suppliers

3. Choose the best money-saving solar option for you

4. Once your system is installed, just sit back, relax—and watch the savings roll in[/yel]


Solar Power in West Virginia: All you need to Know! (5)They say that the mountains are part of our blood here. And since we first picked up a piece of the black-stuff, the mountain has been our source of energy too.

But those rich black seams can only last so long. At some point the Mountain State has to start looking elsewhere for its energy. And turning to the sky, and the endless energy of the sun, seems quite fitting.

After all, coal power and solar power have more in common than you might think.

When you think about all those squashed swamp plants that coal is made of, it really is just fossilized solar power.

Those plants were also once harnessing the sun’s power, millions of years ago.

At some point the world will run out of our rich stores of fossilized sunlight.

Until then, why not make use of a few rays of that fresh clean sunlight now, to power your home?

(Video) Why South is Not Always the Best Orientation for Solar Panels

It seems very apt for a state that’s been called “almost heaven,”in a certain song well-known to West Virginians whether they’re John Denver fans or not.

If you’re ready to reach for the heavens for your energy, we can help.Just fill out our solar panel information formand we’ll then connect you with tried-and-trusted West Virginia solar installers

Get Free Quotes from Solar Installer in West VirginiaSee Your Savings


What is the biggest downside to solar electricity? ›

Disadvantages of Solar Energy
  • Cost. The initial cost of purchasing a solar system is fairly high. ...
  • Weather-Dependent. Although solar energy can still be collected during cloudy and rainy days, the efficiency of the solar system drops. ...
  • Solar Energy Storage Is Expensive. ...
  • Uses a Lot of Space. ...
  • Associated with Pollution.

How many amp hours will a 100 watt solar panel produce in a day? ›

A 100 watt panel produces an average of about 6 amps per peak sun hour, or about 30 amp-hours per day. Given the above example, you would need three 100 watt solar panels to fully recharge on the average day (80 / 30 ≈ 3).

How long does it take for a 100 watt solar panel to pay for itself? ›

Solar panels pay for themselves over time by saving you money on electricity bills, and in some cases, earning you money through ongoing incentive payments. Solar panel payback time averages between 5 and 15 years in the United States, depending on where you live.

What are 3 pros and 3 cons to solar power? ›

Pros and cons of solar panels
Pros of Solar PowerCons of Solar Power
Reduce or eliminate electric billsSolar panels are expensive
Reduce your carbon footprintLong payback period
Improve your home valueNot viable for all roofs or homes
Energy independent from the gridFewer savings when electricity costs are low
2 more rows

Why you shouldn't put solar panels on your roof? ›

Your roof is too small: Solar panels need sunlight to generate electricity. The more sunlight they absorb, the more power they generate. If you have a small roof, you may find that solar panels simply won't generate enough kilowatt-hours to make a real impact on your bills.

Do solar panels ruin your roof? ›

No, solar panels will not ruin your roof. This is because there is a variety of safe, customized racking options to attach solar panels to your home's roof, whether your roof is angled, flat, shingled, asphalt, metal or made of any other material.

How many batteries do I need for a 200 watt solar panel? ›

How many batteries do I need for a 200 watt solar panel? To properly store and use the energy produced by a 12V – 200W solar panel, you need 100Ah of battery capacity if you're using a lithium battery, or 200Ah of battery capacity if you're using a lead-acid battery.

Can a 100 watt solar panel run a TV? ›

As one can see, smaller 32-40 inches LED, OLED, LDC, and similar TVs require at most 100 watts, with smaller and more energy-efficient technologies even less than that.

Can you run a freezer on solar power? ›

Running a Freezer On Solar Energy [Prep 365: EP109] - YouTube

What happens when you pay off your solar panels? ›

Once you pay off your loan or buy your system outright you will essentially be getting energy for free. When it comes to payment, those who are using solar energy will still get a monthly utility bill. This will show how much energy you produced versus how much energy you used for the month.

Do solar panels require cleaning? ›

Solar panels don't need to be cleaned, but you will be sacrificing some efficiency by not cleaning them. And while rain will certainly wash away certain substances that accumulate on the panels, it won't be as effective as a manual clean.

How long until solar pays for itself? ›

According to most sites and calculators, the average U.S. homeowner can expect to pay off their solar panel system and get a return on their investment within 6-12 years. If we haven't said it enough, this can vary wildly depending on where you live and how much you spend.

Do solar panels affect homeowners insurance? ›

Yes, your solar panels are likely covered by your home insurance. As long as your solar panels are attached to your home, they'll have coverage under the dwelling portion of your homeowners policy. However, you'll only receive coverage if your panels are damaged from a covered peril.

What happens to solar panels after 25 years? ›

In reality, solar panels can last quite a bit longer than that: the warranty typically guarantees panels will work above 80% of their rated efficiency after 25 years. A study by NREL shows that the majority of panels still produce energy after 25 years, albeit at slightly reduced output.

What are disadvantages of solar power? ›

High initial costs for material and installation and long ROI (however, with the reduction in the cost of solar over the last 10 years, solar is becoming more cost feasible every day) Needs lots of space as efficiency is not 100% yet. No solar power at night so there is a need for a large battery bank.

What are 10 disadvantages of solar energy? ›

10 Disadvatanges Of Solar Panels
  • High upfront cost. ...
  • The size of system is dependent on your available space. ...
  • Requires sunny weather to work best. ...
  • Manufacturing of solar panels can harm the environment. ...
  • Low energy conversion rate. ...
  • Cannot be used at night. ...
  • Solar panels are fixed at their installed location.

Does solar energy hurt the environment? ›

Solar energy technologies and power plants do not produce air pollution or greenhouse gases when operating. Using solar energy can have a positive, indirect effect on the environment when solar energy replaces or reduces the use of other energy sources that have larger effects on the environment.

Do solar panels hurt the environment? ›

Solar panels are composed of photovoltaic (PV) cells that convert sunlight to electricity. When these panels enter landfills, valuable resources go to waste. And because solar panels contain toxic materials like lead that can leach out as they break down, landfilling also creates new environmental hazards.


1. Solar energy demand up, developments underway in West Virginia
(WOWK 13 News)
2. 4 Year Update - Are Solar Panels for Home Still Worth It?
(Undecided with Matt Ferrell)
3. Is Solar Worth It? My experience after two years owning Solar Panels
4. Inside West Virginia Politics: Nancy Bruns discusses solar power in the Mountain State
(WOWK 13 News)
5. West Virginia's power outages pushing some residents to solar panels
(CGTN America)
6. The ugly truth behind grid-tie solar systems. Part 1, FarmCraft101 solar. Watch before you buy!

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