Turfgrass Culture in Virginia - VIRGINIA POLYTECHNIC INSTITUTE (2022)

Progress 10/01/19 to 09/30/20

Outputs
Target Audience:The target audience for my research project spans the professional segment of Virginia's turfgrass industry by way of golf superintendents, sports field managers, lawn care operators, sod producers, as well as homeowners. I specifically presented to professional groups at meetings that are sponsored by the Virginia Turfgrass Council, the Virginia Sports Turf Managers Association, the Richmond Landscape Contractors Association, The Va Professional Grounds Management Society, the Virginia Sod Growers Association, and the Virginia Golf Course Superintendents Association, as well as a variety of other regional and national associations. Changes/Problems:The graduate student tasked with the perennial two-grass system research was unable to meet expectations on this project due to time constraints with his work schedule by his funding source (VT Athletics). Research in this area will continue, but the progress on this particular project is unsatisfactory to report based on the need for multiple seasons of in-field research. We plan to continue work in the area with colleagues at the Hampton Roads AREC in Virginia Beach. What opportunities for training and professional development has the project provided?1) Provided in-person training in turfgrass science to students and faculty from Brentsville District High School (October 3, 2019), VT Chapter of Minorities in Agriculture, Natural Resources, and Related Sciences (Nov. 1, 2019), and assisted Dr. Dan Sandor in development and delivery of virtual 4H Turfgrass STEM workshop on July 28, 2020. 2) Assisted in the development of a training workshop and provided a presentation to the Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreation Urban Nutrient Management Plan Writers Workshop, Charlottesville, Nov. 5, 2019. 3)Delivered a 2 hr workshop on Turfgrass Mathematics to Carolinas STMA Conference Attendees in Myrtle Beach, SC, on November 19, 2019. 4) Delivered Pesticide Applicator Recertification training events either in person or virtual in Charlottesville, Fairfax, Fredericksburg, Roanoke, Spotsylvania, Warrenton, and Weyers Cave between January and May 2020. 5) Presented research updates at the 2019 VGCSA Winter Symposium in Charlottesville on Dec. 3. 6) Developed educational program and presented at the VSTMA Winter Sports Turf Symposium in Charlottesville on Dec. 4. 7) Organized education programs and delivered multiple presentations in Introductory and Advanced (Lawn Care) Turfgrass Short Courses in Henrico, VA, Dec. 9-12. 8) Presented topics on "Work/Life Balance" and "Informed Decision Making" at the 2020 national Sports Turf Managers Association Conference in West Palm Beach, FL, Jan. 14-15. 9) Developed the educational program and presented fertilizer and pesticide recertification classes at the Mid-Atlantic Turfgrass Expo in Fredericksburg, VA Jan. 20-23. 10) Served as a writer and editor for the VGCSA BMP Manual 2nd edition update that was conducted throughout the calendar year 2020. 11) Presented invited topics to lawn care professionals and sports turf managers at the Kentucky Turfgrass Short Course on February 20, 2020, in Shepherdsville, KY. 12) Assisted in program development and presented on multiple topics at Come to the Bay educational conference hosted by Virginia Turfgrass Council on Feb. 25-26 in Virginia Beach. 13) Delivered 3 hr workshops in BMPs in Turfgrass Management to Master Gardener Volunteer groups from Arlington, Blacksburg, Charlottesville, Fairfax, Leesburg, Lynchburg, Merrifield, and Warrenton in 2020. 14) Hosted 2 hr Virginia Sod Growers Association virtual research update meeting on March 26, 2020. 15) Served on multiple advisory panels for the development of several chapters for STMA's BMPs in Sports Turf Management Training Manual throughout the calendar year 2020, including writing several components of chapters. 16) Invited to participate in the national podcast "Frankly Speaking" with Cornell University faculty member Dr. Frank Rossi to discuss expansion of bermudagrass on sports fields, April 16, 2020. 17) Developed program, presented topics andhosted the Zoom Webinar for Pesticide Recertification offered by the Virginia Turfgrass Council on April 21, 2020. 18) Joined VT Turf Team members and VGCSA members in the development and program for a Virtual Happy Hour to discuss Covid-19 related issues on Thursday, April 23, 2020. 19) Developed educational program and hosted three VSTMA Covid-19 Workshops for sports turf managers on April 27(PGRs), May 4 (Infield Skin), and May 11 (Adjusting Mgt Programs to Fit Changing Budgets) during 2020. 20) Coordinated delivery of and participated in a virtual training program for DCR Urban Nutrient Management Plan Writing on June 2-3, 2020. 21) Revised Turfgrass Management specific content for the VDACS/VT Pesticide Programs Ornamental Pest Control Manual, May 2020. 22) Delivered a virtual presentation on Warm Season Lawns at the 2020 Master Gardener Volunteer College, June, 27. 23) Delivered 1 hr invited virtual presentation entitled "If Clint Eastwood Was a Sports Field Manager..." to the TN Valley Sports Turf Managers Association on July 8, 2020. 24) Conducted Audobon Cooperative Sanctuary Review at Boonsboro CC, Boonsboro, VA, August 11, 2020. 25) Developed and hosted the program for Virginia Certified Fertilizer Applicator Recertification event co-sponsored by the Virginia Turfgrass Council and presented on Principles on Environmentally Responsible Fertilization Programs for C3 and C4 Turfgrasses, Sept 22, 2020. How have the results been disseminated to communities of interest?Multiple appearances on television, national and regional podcasts and blogs, interviewed for a late summer article on lawn renovation by Adrian Higgins of Washington Post, published multiple written articles in the popular press, developed new cooperative extension publications, developed and delivered multiple virtual field day presentations for sports turf, golf turf, and lawn care, published peer-reviewed journal articles, and published the 3rd edition of a book entitled Sports Fields: Design, Construction, and Maintenance. What do you plan to do during the next reporting period to accomplish the goals?Continue research in progress and expand research program in other areas relevant to Virginia Tech and the Virginia Turfgrass industry as funding, time, and student support allow.

(Video) Lunch n' Lawn: Selecting Turf Grass

Impacts
What was accomplished under these goals?1) New turfgrass variety trials for fine fescues, creeping bentgrass putting green, and creeping bentgrass fairway maintenance criteria were installed, in addition to the previously installed tall fescue,perennial ryegrass, Kentucky bluegrass, and bermudagrasstrials sponsored by the USDA's National Turfgrass Evaluation Program. These trials are further supplemented by private entity trials such as the Turfgrass Water Conservation Alliance, the A-List, the Cooperative Turfgrass Breeders Tests, and the MD/VA Crop Improvement Associations. Theseongoing research trials provide the basis for the annual Virginia Turfgrass Variety Recommendation List, the source for turfgrass variety recommendations for use in lawns, sports fields, and highway rights of way; the latest variety recommendation list was published in August 2020. 2) The dormant bermudagrass establishment work has been submitted to Crop, Forage, and Turfgrass Management for peer review. This research indicated that non-irrigated winter vegetative establishments of bermudagrass by row-planting were possible in the eastern transition zone of the US, with results of 90% or greater bermudagrass coverage achieved by the first week of July from either January, February, or March sprigging dates. The only negative aspect of the research was a concern with sprig viability from harvests during winter/spring transition periods with wide temperature swings. Masters Student Matthew Herrmann graduated with a Masters of Agriculture degree in May 2020 based on this project research. 3)Multi-year establishments of white mustard installed as a soil biofumigant found no measurable treatment responses in weed population reductions from white mustard incorporation into the soil, even with plastic tarping intended to trap and enhance the concentrations of the biofumigant. 4) MS candidate Matthew Herrmann has initiated year two of research evaluating a perennial two-grass system of Kentucky bluegrass overseeded into an existing Latitude 36 bermudagrass stand. Kentucky bluegrass populations slowly increase over time in the bermudagrass, suggesting that this perennial grass might be an alternative to traditional winter overseeding with ryegrass (Lolium) for winter color and playability perspectives. Data suggest that visual performance of these perennial two grass systems are not as highly rated as traditional winter overseeding, but the grasses are coexisting through 2 year's worth of trials at the VT Turfgrass Research Center and well into the 3rd year after establishment at the Hampton Roads Agricultural Research and Extension Center.

Publications

  • Type:OtherStatus:PublishedYear Published:2020Citation:Goatley, J.M., W. Askew, and T. Hardiman. 2020. 2020-21 Virginia Turfgrass Variety Recommendations. VCE publication SPES-237NP.Goatley, M. 2019. A Lawn to Dye For Series of 10 training videos on lawn care. VCE publications CSES-34NP, CSES-35NP, CSES-36NP, CSES-37NP, CSES-38NP, CSES-39NP, CSES-40NP, CSES-41NP, CSES-42NP, CSES-43NPGoatley, M., S. Askew, and D. McCall. 2020. Fall Lawn Care. VCE Publication SPES-223P.Goatley, M. "Leave" them alone: Lawn leaf management. VCE Publication SPES-212P.
  • Type:BooksStatus:PublishedYear Published:2020Citation:Puhalla, J.C., J.V. Krans, and J.M. Goatley, Jr. 2020. Sports Fields: Design, Construction and Maintenance. 3rd ed. John Wiley and Sons, Hoboken, NJ. ISBN 9781119534754
  • Type:OtherStatus:PublishedYear Published:2019Citation:Goatley, M. 2019. A Lawn to Dye For. A series of 10 training videos on various aspects of lawn care. VCE publications CSES-34NP, CSES-35NP, CSES-36NP, CSES-37NP, CSES-38NP, CSES-39NP, CSES-40NP, CSES-41NP, CSES-42NP, CSES-43NP
  • Type:OtherStatus:PublishedYear Published:2020Citation:Goatley, M., S. Askew, and D. McCall. 2020. Fall Lawn Care. VCE Publication SPES-223P.
  • Type:OtherStatus:PublishedYear Published:2020Citation:Goatley, M. "Leave" them alone: Lawn leaf management. VCE Publication SPES-212P.
  • Type:Journal ArticlesStatus:PublishedYear Published:2020Citation:Sykes, V.R., B.J. Horvath, D.S. McCall, A.B. Baudoin, S.D. Askew,J.M. Goatley, and S.E. Warnke. 2020. Plant Disease. February. 104(2): p. 358-362.
  • Type:Conference Papers and PresentationsStatus:PublishedYear Published:2019Citation:Booth, J., J.M. Goatley, D.S. McCall, and S.D. Askew. 2019. Impact of woven polypropylene covering strategies on bermudagrass canopy temperatures. Amer. Soc. Agron Intl Annual Meeting, Abstr 38-3, 11-11-19, San Antonio, TX.
  • Type:Conference Papers and PresentationsStatus:PublishedYear Published:2019Citation:Hutchens, W.J., Y. Nagaoka, J.P. Kerns, J.M. Goatley, M. Nita, and D.S. McCalla. 2019. Variable sensitivity of Ophiosphaerella spp. Causing spring dead spot to fungicides and temperature. Amer. Soc. Agron Intl Annual Meeting, Abstr 39-8, 11-11-19, San Antonio, TX.
  • Type:Conference Papers and PresentationsStatus:PublishedYear Published:2019Citation:Booth, J., X. Zhang, D.S. McCall, J.M. Goatley, and S.D. Askew. 2019. Evaluation of late-season and winter applications of trinexapac-ethyl on ultradwarf bermudagrass putting greens. Amer. Soc. Agron Intl Annual Meeting, Abstr 1569 (poster), 11-12-19, San Antonio, TX.

Progress 10/01/18 to 09/30/19

Outputs
Target Audience:The target audience for my research project spans the professional segment of Virginia's turfgrass industry by way of golf superintendents, sports field managers, lawn care operators, sod producers, as well as homeowners. I specifically conduct research and present the findings to industry professional groups such as the Virginia Turfgrass Council, the Virginia Sports Turf Managers Association, the Richmond Landscape Contractors Association, The Va Professional Grounds Management Society, the Virginia Sod Growers Association, and the Virginia Golf Course Superintendents Association. Changes/Problems:Nothing ReportedWhat opportunities for training and professional development has the project provided?1)The 2018Virginia Turfgrass Short Course was taught Dec 10-13in Henrico, Va. 2) The Mid-Atlantic Turfgrass Expo was conducted in Fredericksburg, VA from Jan 28-30. 3) The Va Sports Turf Managers Field Day was conducted at Liberty University on May 21. 4) The Va Lawn and Landscape Field Day was conducted at the VT Turfgrass Research Center on August 20. 5) The Va Golf Turf Research Field Day was held at Independence Golf Club in Midlothian, VA on May 20. 6) The VT Turf Team hosted monthly VT Turfgrass Tuesday webinars (featuring research updates) from Oct 2018thru Sept 2019 How have the results been disseminated to communities of interest?Written reports in a variety of scientific and trade publications, oral presentations at conferences/meetings, webinars, videos. What do you plan to do during the next reporting period to accomplish the goals?Continue and expand ongoing research projects and outreach efforts that are detailed in this proposal.

(Video) The VICK757 SHOW "Talking All Things Tech" Season 2 Episode 4

Impacts
What was accomplished under these goals?What was accomplished under these goals? 1) A new drought tolerance research site was initiated on Kentucky bluegrass with the construction of a rainout shelter at the Turfgrass Research Center. Supplemental turfgrass variety trials for tall fescue and Kentucky bluegrass were installed at the Virginia Tech Turfgrass Research Center, joining existing trials on tall fescue, Kentucky bluegrass, fine leaf fescue, zoysia grass, and bermudagrass. These ongoing research trials provide the basis for the annual Virginia Turfgrass Variety Recommendation List, the source for turfgrass variety recommendations for use in lawns, sports fields, and highway rights of way. 2)A second year of trials with white mustard installed as a soil biofumigant was completed at the VT Turfgrass Research Center. After two years no measurable biofumigant properties have been observed. 3) MS candidate Matthew Herrmann completed year two of research evaluating a perennial two-grass system of Kentucky bluegrass over seeded into an existing Latitude 36 bermudagrass stand. Kentucky bluegrass populations slowly increase over time in the bermudagrass, suggesting that this perennial grass might be an alternative to traditional winter ove rseeding with ryegrass (Lolium) for winter color and playability perspectives. Data suggest that visual performance of these perennial two grass systems are not as highly rated as traditional winter over seeding, but the grasses are coexisting through 2 year's worth of trials at the VT Turfgrass Research Center.

Publications

  • Type:OtherStatus:AcceptedYear Published:2019Citation:Goatley, J., W. Askew, and T. Hardiman. 2019. 2019-2020 Virginia Turfgrass Variety Recommendations. VCE Publication SPES 66NPZhang, Xunzhong, Mike Goatley, Jamie Conner, Megan Wilkins, Inna Teshler, Jun Liu, Michael Fefer, and Wenzi Ckurshumova. 2019. Copper Chlorophyllin Impacts on Growth and Drought Stress Tolerance of Tomato. HORTSCIENCE 54(12):21952201. 2019. https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI14434-19Sykes, V., B. Horvath, D. McCall, A. Baudoin, S. Askew, J. Goatley, S. Warnke. 2019. Screening tall fescue for resistance to Rhizoctonia solani and Rhizoctonia zeae using digital image analysis. Plant Disease, DOI:10.1094/PDIS-05-19-1070-RE

(Video) 10 Places in VIRGINIA You Should NEVER Move To

Progress 01/01/18 to 09/30/18

Outputs
Target Audience:The target audience for my research project spans the professional segment of Virginia's turfgrass industry by way of golf superintendents, sports field managers, lawn care operators, sod producers, as well as homeowners. I specifically present to professional groups such as the Virginia Turfgrass Council, the Virginia Sports Turf Managers Association, the Richmond Landscape Contractors Association, The Va Professional Grounds Management Society, the Virginia Sod Growers Association, and the Virginia Golf Course Superintendents Association. Changes/Problems:Nothing ReportedWhat opportunities for training and professional development has the project provided?1)The 2017 Virginia Turfgrass Short Course was taught Dec 9-12 in Henrico, Va. 2) The Mid-Atlantic Turfgrass Expo was conducted in Fredericksburg, VA from Jan 29-31. 3) The Va Sports Turf Managers Field Day was conducted in Culpeper, VA on April 25. 4) The Va Lawn and Landscape Field Day was conducted at the VT Turfgrass Research Center on August 12. 5) The Va Golf Turf Research Field Day was held at Independence Golf Club in Midlothian, VA on Sept 18. 6) The VT Turf Team hosted monthly VT Turfgrass Tuesday webinars (featuring research updates) from Oct 2017 thru Sept 2018. How have the results been disseminated to communities of interest?Written reports in a variety of scientific and trade publications, oral presentations at conferences/meetings, webinars, videos. What do you plan to do during the next reporting period to accomplish the goals?Continue and expand ongoing research projects and outreach efforts that are detailed in this proposal.

(Video) Toots and the Maytals - Take Me Home Country Roads

Impacts
What was accomplished under these goals?1) New turfgrass variety trials for tall fescue and perennial ryegrass trials were installed at the Virginia Tech Turfgrass Research Center, joining existing trials on Kentucky bluegrass, fine leaf fescue, zoysiagrass, and bermudagrass. These ongoing research trials provide the basis for the annual Virginia Turfgrass Variety Recommendation List, the source for turfgrass variety recommendations for use in lawns, sports fields, and highway rights of way. 2) A second year of dormant bermudagrass establishment was completed in the winter of 2017-18. Data indicate that dormant spriggingof Latitude 36 bermudagrass (35 stems per sq ft, planted with a row planter in January, February, or March) was again successful in establishing bermudagrass without supplemental irrigation. These data indicate that dormant bermudagrass sprig establishment succeeded with planting in any of these three months, whether the sprigs were coverd with compost and/or a turf blanket at establishment. 90% bermudagrass coverage was achieved with any planting date by mid July. 3) A second year of trials with white mustard installed as a soil biofumigant was installed at the VT Turfgrass Research Center in fall 2018. Data for the 2017 establishment of white mustard for weed control were inconclusive in terms of treatment response to white mustard incorporation into the soil; data collection for the 2018 trial continue. 4) MS candidate Matthew Herrmann has initiated year two of research evaluating a perennial two-grass system of Kentucky bluegrass overseeded into an existing Latitude 36 bermudagrass stand. Kentucky bluegrass populations slowly increase over time in the bermudagrass, suggesting that this perennial grass might be an alternative to traditional winter overseeding with ryegras (Lolium) for winter color and playability perspectives. Data suggest that visual performance of these perennial two grass systems are not as highly rated as traditional winter overseeding, but the grasses are coexisting through 2 year's worth of trials at the VT Turfgrass Research Center.

Publications


    (Video) Controlling Crabgrass and Goosegrass on Golf Greens: Herbicide Programs

    Videos

    1. Sports Turf Webinar 4: Mike Goatley, Virginia Tech, on communicating with stakeholders
    (Cornell SIPS)
    2. Lunch n' Lawn: Testing Soil
    (VCE-Fairfax County )
    3. A lawn to Dye for: Aerating your lawn
    (VA Extension)
    4. Lunch n' Lawn: Winterizing Lawns
    (VCE-Fairfax County )
    5. A New Kayak Course in Roanoke Virginia - What It Takes Season 4 Episode 2
    (Blue Ridge PBS Echo TV)
    6. Dubai Photos That Will Make You Think Twice
    (Facts Verse)

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